Abstract

Coding metasurfaces have received tremendous interest due to their unprecedented control of beams through the flexible design of coding sequences. However, realizing tunable coding metasurfaces with scattering-pattern shifts in the terahertz range is still challenging. Here, we propose a VO2-integrated coding metasurface to realize a thermally controlled scattering-pattern shift by convolution operation. The required phase profiles and high amplitudes of 1-bit and 2-bit coding metasurfaces are easily obtained only by changing the length of the VO2 cut-wires. The insulator–metal phase transition of the VO2 cut-wires leads to an ultrafast switching effect between multiple deflected scattering beams and one normally reflected beam. In particular, the VO2 phase transition contributes to dynamical convolution operations of the 2-bit coding metasurface. The proposed VO2-integrated coding metasurfaces are important for realizing tunable terahertz beam manipulation as well as arbitrary required scattering beams.

© 2022 Optica Publishing Group

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