Abstract

In this Letter, we present a high extinction ratio and compact on-chip polarization beam splitter (PBS), based on an extreme skin-depth (eskid) waveguide. Subwavelength-scale gratings form an effectively anisotropic metamaterial cladding and introduce a large birefringence. The anisotropic dielectric perturbation of the metamaterial cladding suppresses the TE polarization extinction via exceptional coupling, while the large birefringence efficiently cross-couples the TM mode, thus reducing the coupling length. We demonstrated the eskid-PBS on a silicon-on-insulator platform and achieved an ultra-high extinction ratio PBS (${\approx} 60\;{\rm dB} $ for TE and ${\approx} 48\;{\rm dB} $ for TM) with a compact coupling length (${\approx} 14.5\,\,\unicode{x00B5}{\rm m}$). The insertion loss is also negligible (${\lt}{0.6}\;{\rm dB}$). The bandwidth is ${\gt}{80}$ (30) nm for the TE (TM) extinction ratio ${\gt}{20}\;{\rm dB}$. Our ultra-high extinction ratio PBS is crucial in implementing efficient polarization diversity circuits, especially where a high degree of polarization distinguishability is necessary, such as photonic quantum information processing.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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