Abstract

The digital ultra-fine electro-optic frequency comb (UFEOFC) enables high-resolution spectroscopy in various applications with a limited bandwidth. In this Letter, we propose a novel, to the best of our knowledge, UFEOFC-based dual-comb spectroscopy to realize megahertz resolution and broadened bandwidth. An UFEOFC with 1 MHz line-spacing and 18 GHz bandwidth is generated and resolved in a dual-comb interferometer working in quasi-integer-ratio mode. One line selected from a master EOFC with 18 GHz line-spacing via optical injection locking serves as the seed lightwave. Successive selection of 20 lines realizes wideband measurement covering 360 GHz, and a reflectance spectrum of a phase-shift fiber Bragg grating is obtained in the demonstration. A spectrum with 360,000 lines is demodulated in 26 ms due to the low injection lock dead time set to be $300\,\,\unicode{x00B5}{\rm s}$ between adjacent lines, by which the figure of merit reaches $3.39 \times {10^7}$. The system promotes more prospects in practical spectroscopic and sensing applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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