Abstract

High-performance electro-optical (E-O), opto-electronic (O-E), and optical (O-O) devices are widely used in optical communications, microwave photonics, fiber sensors, and so on. Measurement of the amplitude and phase responses are essential for the development and fabrication of these devices. However, the previous methods can hardly characterize the E-O, O-E, and O-O devices with arbitrary responses. Here we propose a comprehensive vector analyzer based on optical asymmetrical double-sideband (ADSB) modulation to overcome this difficulty. The ADSB solves the problem of frequency aliasing and can extract information from both the ${+}{1}$st- and ${-}{1}$st-order sidebands. Thus, most devices in photonic applications, including phase modulators, can be characterized. In the experiment, a commercial photodetector, a phase modulator, and a sampled FBG are used as the O-E, E-O, and O-O devices under test, respectively. A frequency resolution of 2 MHz, an electrical sweeping range of 40 GHz, and an optical sweeping range of 80 GHz are achieved.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data Availability

Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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