Abstract

Fiber gratings are among key components in fiber-based photonics systems and, particularly, laser cavities. In the latter, they can play multiple roles, such as those of mirrors, polarizers, filters, or dispersion compensators. In this Letter, we present the inscription of highly reflective first-order fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) in soft indium fluoride-based (${{\rm InF}_3}$) fibers using a two-beam phase-mask interferometer and a femtosecond laser. We demonstrate an enhanced response of ${{\rm InF}_3}$-based fiber to a visible (400 nm) inscription wavelength compared to ultraviolet irradiation at 266 nm. In this way, FBGs with a reflectivity ${\gt}{99.7}\%$ were inscribed at around 1.9 µm with the bandwidth of 2.68 nm. After thermal annealing at 393K, the Bragg wavelength demonstrates stable thermal shift of 20 pm/K in the temperature range 293–373K. These observations suggest a potential extension of ${{\rm InF}_3}$ fiber-based laser components to an operational range of up to 5 µm.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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