Abstract

Topological photonic crystal waveguides can create edge states that may be more robust against fabrication disorder and can yield propagation modes below the light line. We present a fully three-dimensional method to modify state-of-the-art designs to achieve a significant bandwidth improvement for lossless propagation. Starting from an initial design with a normalized bandwidth of 7.5% (13.4 THz), the modification gives more than 100% bandwidth improvement to 16.2% (28.0 THz). This new design is obtained using an automatic differentiation enabled inverse design and a guided mode expansion technique to efficiently calculate the band structure and edge state modes.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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