Abstract

Viscoelasticity is closely related to the physiological characteristics of biological tissues. In this Letter, we propose a novel spectral interferometric depth-resolved photoacoustic viscoelasticity imaging (SID-PAVEI) method, to the best of our knowledge for the first time, which breaks the plight of surface viscoelasticity imaging and achieves an internal visible microscale SID-PAVEI in a noncontact fashion. In this work, we employ a high-sensitive and depth-resolved spectral domain low coherence interferometry (SDLCI) to remotely track photoacoustic-induced strain response of absorbers in situ. By decoupling the phase and amplitude of the photoacoustic-encoded spectral interference signal, the SID-PAVEI and scattering structure imaging (SSI) can be obtained simultaneously. Depth-resolved performance of the SID-PAVEI and the SSI in one scan were demonstrated by imaging biological tissues. The method opens new perspectives for three-dimensional microscale viscoelasticity imaging and provides a great potential in multi-parametric characterizing pathological information.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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