Abstract

The inevitable noise and decoherence in the quantum circuit hinder its scalable development, so quantum error correction and quantumness protection for multiple controllable qubits system are necessary. The flatband in the dispersion relation, based on its inherent locality and high degenerate energy band structure, shows non-diffractive transport properties in the line spectrum and has the potential possibility to protect quantum resources in special lattices. The pioneer work has proved that the topologically boundary state is robust to protect the quantumness from disorder and perturbation, which inspires that quantumness can be protected anywhere in a periodic structure, including the boundary state and bulk state. Here, we show the topological protection of quantum resources with different state combinations in a sawtooth lattice. Photons can be localized at any degenerate eigenmode, and the localized effect is determined by only one parameter, without additional modulations. We show a high violation of Cauchy–Schwarz inequality up to 35 standard deviations by measuring cross correlation and auto-correlation of correlated photons. We verify that the topological protection is robust to different wavelengths of correlated photons. Our results suggest an alternative way of exploring topological protection in flatband and bulk state, demonstrating the powerful ability of topological photonics to protect quantum resources.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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