Abstract

In this Letter, we propose a novel metasurface conveyor belt with periodic orientated arrays of gold plasmonic elliptical elements (GPEEs), which can be continuously lit in a relay way by switching the polarization of the excitation beam and can be used to trap, transport, and sort particles. The array of the hot field can provide a larger trapping area and better stiffness. With the incident optical intensity of $0.08 \; {\rm mW}/{{\unicode{x00B5}{\rm m}}^2}$, the depth of the potential well could be as high as $10 {K_B}T$. By setting a narrow interval between plasmonic ellipses in principal axes, it can help further enhance their directional resonant coupling and polarization dependence. Furthermore, based on consideration of the Brownian motion of trapped particles in aqueous solution, we analyzed its time response property of particle manipulation with different applied switching frequencies from a statistical point of view. As confirmed by numerical analysis, our design offers a novel scheme of particle sorting using a scalable hot spot array with better performance, which could be used in many on-chip optofluidic applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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