Abstract

The vector vortex light beam, which exhibits a space-variant polarization state and is coupled with orbital angular momentum of light, has been drawing much attention due to its fundamental interest and potential applications in a wide range. Here we reveal both theoretically and experimentally that a diffractive structure having cylindrical symmetry is shown to be transparent for the vector vortex state of light with arbitrary topology. We demonstrate such an intriguing phenomenon in the Fresnel diffraction condition, where the vector Helmholtz wave equation can be utilized in the paraxial regime. Our demonstration has implications in control and manipulation of vector vortex light beams in diffractive optics, and hence, it may find potential applications.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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