Abstract

We experimentally demonstrated that the transversal vortex modes of an all-fiber erbium-doped Brillouin laser can be dynamically switched by using the high-order mode (HOM) of Brillouin pump (BP), which is used to achieve the oscillation of HOM inside the ring cavity. Core-mode conversion in a few-mode fiber (FMF) between the fundamental mode and HOM is obtained by cascading an acoustically induced fiber grating (AIFG) and a mode selection coupler (MSC) operating at the same wavelength region. Through frequency shift keying (FSK) modulation of the AIFG signal, the output transversal modes can be switched dynamically between ${\rm LP} _{01}$ and vortex modes, and the measured purities of output HOM are more than 82%. Moreover, the output Brillouin wavelength can also be tuned via altering the input wavelength of BP and the resonant response of AIFG. We have achieved HOM Brillouin-shifted laser output within the wavelength band from 1545–1560 nm. The output linewidth of the proposed Brillouin laser is less than 4 kHz.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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