Abstract

Rainbow refractometry has been used in the past to measure size and refractive index of spherical particles, typically droplets in a spray. In the present study, conventional optical configurations for point measurements or line measurements have been extended to allow also the particle position in a plane to be determined, and hence, the designation planar rainbow refractometry. However, this extension introduces challenges in accurately calibrating the 2D scattering angles with the image coordinates. This challenge has been met using a novel calibration method, employing a monodispersed droplet stream traversed through the measurement plane. Experiments confirm achievable horizontal and vertical position accuracies of 0.42 mm and 0.36 mm, respectively, and a refractive index uncertainty of $2 \times {10^{- 4}}$.

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Data underlying the results presented in this Letter are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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