Abstract

Visible light communication (VLC) beyond 10 Gbps is an important characteristic that can support the future 6 G high-capacity requirements. On the one hand, in order to break the electro-optics (E-O) bandwidth limitation of the light-emitting diodes (LEDs), we fabricated two high-bandwidth (${\gt} {\rm gigahertz}$) single wetting layer micro-LEDs with 50 and 75 µm active regions. On the other hand, for mitigating the nonlinear effects of the VLC system, an artificial neural network equalizer is designed and implemented in offline digital signal processing. Both efforts lead to a breakthrough of data rates at a single VLC link. Using quadrature phase shift keying orthogonal frequency division multiplexing, the data rate of a 1.025 GHz VLC link based on a 75 µm micro-LED can reach 8.75 Gbps with a bit-error-ratio (BER) of $2.73 \times {10^{- 3}}$. In addition, the E-O characteristics and communication performances of micro-LED with two diameters are compared and discussed. To the best of our knowledge, the data rate of 8.75 Gbps is the highest record of the VLC link based on a single-pixel blue micro-LED with a BER within the forward error correction citation of $3.8 \times {10^{- 3}}$.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this Letter are not publicly available at this time, but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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