Abstract

Brillouin optical time-domain analysis requires a pulsed pump to obtain a distributed Brillouin gain spectrum (BGS) containing environmental information, whose width corresponds to spatial resolution (SR). We propose a rising edge demodulation (RED) algorithm acting on Brillouin information generated by a transient pump pulse ($\lt {\rm phonon}$ lifetime) via a nonlinear weight matrix to enhance SR. The distributed BGS generated by using an 8-ns transient pump pulse is processed by the RED algorithm, and its SR is enhanced from 0.8 m to 1 mm (i.e., 800-fold improvement) in the simulation and 8 mm (i.e., 100-fold improvement) in the experiment.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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