Abstract

This study investigates high-entropy chaos generation using a semiconductor laser subject to intensity-modulated optical injection for certified physical random number generation. Chaos with a continuous spectral profile that is not only widely distributed but also broadly flattened over a bandwidth of 33 GHz is generated. The former suggests that the chaos can be sampled at a high rate while keeping sufficient un-correlation between data samples, and the latter indicates that the chaos possesses high entropy, both of which enhance the generation rate of physical random numbers with guaranteed unpredictability. A minimum entropy value of 2.19 bits/sample is obtained without any post-processing and by excluding the contribution from measurement noise, suggesting that, to the least extent, the chaotic source can be used as a 2-bit physical random number generator at a rate of 160 Gbits/s.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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Data underlying the results presented in this Letter are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request.

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