Abstract

This Letter proposes a high-performance radio-over-fiber (RoF) system for high-speed and high-fidelity analog waveform transmission of radio signals in the millimeter-wave band in the uplink direction. At the antenna site, the system utilizes a newly fabricated low half-wave voltage broadband phase modulator to convert a millimeter-wave radio signal into an optical signal. At the receiver, by using photonic downconversion and optical filtering technology, a simple direct detection and downconversion of the signal to the microwave band can be achieved simultaneously. As a demonstration of proof of concept, we successfully transmitted a 1024-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) narrowband orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing signal at 38 GHz and a 60 Gb/s 64-QAM single-carrier signal at 26.5 GHz over a 20 km RoF system. The system is promising for facilitating the deployment of ultra-dense small cells in high-frequency bands in 5G and beyond networks.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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