Abstract

Few-cycle sources with high average powers are required for applications to attosecond science. Raman-enhanced spectral broadening of Yb-doped laser amplifiers in molecular gases can yield few-cycle pulses, but thermal excitation of vibrational and rotational degrees of freedom may preclude high-power operation. Here we investigate changes in the spectral broadening associated with repetitive laser interactions in an ${{\rm{N}}_2}{\rm{O}}$-filled hollow-core fiber. By comparing experimental measurements of the spectrum associated with each laser pulse to simulations based on a density matrix model, we find that losses in a spectral bandwidth and transmission are largely dominated by thermal excitation of the gas.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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