Abstract

Differential measurement has strong anti-interference ability. We report the first, to the best of our knowledge, experimental demonstration of differential self-mixing interference signals using a randomly polarized laser for differential self-mixing interferometry (SMI). In the differential SMI system, the detection light can be divided into interference signals of $p$-polarized and $s$-polarized light with identical intensity and pi-shift phase difference. By exploiting such a new experimental phenomenon, we propose a noise-robust and low-cost self-mixing interferometer. Experiments show that the proposed approach can effectively suppress both periodic and aperiodic noise. Thus, the reported phenomenon and approach has a good application prospect in self-mixing interferometers.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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