Abstract

In this Letter, we introduce a new kind of radially polarized beam called the radially polarized symmetric Airy beam (RPSAB). Compared to the linearly polarized symmetric Airy beam (SAB), the hollow focus spot of RPSAB enables it to trap a microparticle whose refractive index is lower than that of the surrounding medium, and the focus intensity of RPSAB is nearly three times higher than that of SAB under the same conditions. Also, we present the on-axis and off-axis radially polarized symmetric Airy vortex beam (RPSAVB). In the on-axis case, we find the maximum intensity of RPSAVB is about two times higher than that of RPSAB. For the off-axis case, we prove that slight misalignment of the vortex and RPSAB enables guiding the vortex into one of the self-accelerating channels, the same as the symmetric Airy vortex beam. Our results may expand the applications of RPSAB in laser cutting, metal processing, nanofocusing, and three-dimensional trapping of metallic Rayleigh particles.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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