Abstract

A single-aperture common-path speckle interferometer with an unlimited shear amount is developed. This unlimited shear amount is introduced when a Wollaston prism is placed near the Fourier plane of a common-path interferometer, which is built by using a quasi-${4f}$ imaging system. The fundamentals of the shear amount and the spatial carrier frequency generation are analyzed mathematically, and the theoretical predictions are validated by a static experiment. Mode-I fracture experiments through the three-point bending are conducted to prove the feasibility and the capability of this method in full-field strain measurement with various shear amounts. A remarkable feature of this setup is that no tilt is required between the optical components to produce the unlimited shear amount in off-axis holography.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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