Abstract

We demonstrate a plasmonic fiber tip for relative humidity (RH) detection by integrating a gold nanomembrane onto the end-face of a multimode optical fiber via a flexible and high-efficiency transfer method. Fast water condensation/evaporation is responsible for the high performance of the fiber tip in response to RH. A high sensitivity of 279 pm/%RH is obtained in the range of $ 11\% \sim 92\% {\rm RH} $. Taking advantage of the fast dynamics (response and recovery times of 156 ms and 277 ms), the plasmonic fiber tip offers an excellent detection capability to human breaths at varied frequencies and depths. The compact, easy-fabrication, and fast-dynamics plasmonic platform has versatile potential for practical applications, including environmental and healthcare monitoring, as well as biochemical sensing.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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