Abstract

Unlike the conventional spin Hall effect of light (SHEL) originating from the light-matter interaction, the spin-dependent splitting in the geometric SHEL is purely a geometric effect and independent from the properties of matter. Here it is shown that the geometric SHEL is not only of fundamental theoretical interest in understanding the spin-orbit interaction of light, but also sheds light on important technological applications. This Letter describes the theoretical foundation and experimental realization of optical differential operation and one-dimensional edge detection based on the geometric SHEL.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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