Abstract

Soliton explosion is an extremely pulsating behavior of the bright dissipative soliton (DS) in ultrafast lasers. By numerical simulation, we find that the dark soliton (DAS) can coexist with the bright soliton during the exploding process. The collapsed temporal structure of the exploding soliton is induced by the DASs. We reveal the birthing, evolving, and decaying of the DASs inside the bright DS. The time-frequency analysis of the exploding soliton helps us better understand the temporal and spectral structures of the exploding soliton, which might be useful for real-time spectroscopy of the coexisting dark and bright solitons during the soliton explosion.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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