Abstract

The depth of focus (DOF) indicates the tolerance of the imaging displacement. The axial long-focal-depth is significant in practical applications, including optical imaging and communication. The importance of extending the DOF is rapidly growing with the advance of metasurface lenses. Angular modulation, as a promising way to extend the DOF, offers an additional degree of freedom to improve the imaging quality. Here we theoretically and experimentally demonstrate an angular modulated metasurface lens for extended DOF imaging by means of applying the geometrical phase. Unlike previous studies of the geometrical phase, which is sensitive to the polarity of circular polarization incidence, the polarity of circular polarization independence and broadband characteristic of angular modulation yield the potential of robust and efficient extension of the DOF imaging, thus providing novel opportunities for highly integrated optical circuits.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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