Abstract

Pixel super-resolution (PSR) techniques have been developed to overcome the sampling limit in lensless digital holographic imaging. However, the inherent non-convexity of the PSR phase retrieval problem can potentially degrade reconstruction quality by causing the iterations to tend toward a false local minimum. Furthermore, the ill posedness of the up-sampling procedure renders PSR algorithms highly susceptible to noise. In this Letter, we propose a heuristic PSR algorithm with adaptive smoothing (AS-PSR) to achieve high-fidelity reconstruction. By automatically adjusting the intensity constraints on the estimated field, the algorithm can effectively locate the optimal solution and converge with high reconstruction quality, pushing the resolution toward the diffraction limit. The proposed method is verified experimentally within a coherent modulation phase retrieval framework, achieving a twofold improvement in resolution. The AS-PSR algorithm can be further applied to other phase retrieval methods based on alternating projection.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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