Abstract

In this Letter, a high-accuracy, two-dimensional displacement sensor is proposed, designed, and demonstrated based on the concept of an extrinsic Fabry–Perot Interferometer. The sensor is composed of two bundled single-mode optic fibers in parallel and two plasmonic metasurface resonators inscribed on a gold substrate via a focused ion beam. The fiber end surface and the metasurface are in parallel with a small cavity between. The cavity change or ${Z}$-component displacement is determined from the pattern of interference fringes. The ${X}$-component displacement, perpendicular to the ${Z}$ component, is identified from wavelength-selective metasurface resonators, which possess unique resonant wavelengths due to different nanostructure designs. The sensor was calibrated with six displacements applied through a three-axis precision linear stage. Test results indicated that the proposed interferometer can measure displacements with a maximum error of 5.4 µm or 2.2%.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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