Abstract

The minimization of spherical and coma aberrations in optical imaging systems is currently accomplished through the use of corrective aspheric optical surfaces. In this work, we develop a new, to the best of our knowledge, theory for the design of rigorously aplanatic optical systems, considering as a starting point the rigorous stigmatism theory of optical systems composed of Cartesian surfaces. The main characteristic of these surfaces is their, a priori, zero spherical aberration. In a general parametric formulation for systems made up of a set of these surfaces, the Abbe sine condition is adapted to simultaneously obtain the stigmatism and aplanatism conditions. Thus, we achieved the design of optical systems that in theory are immune to both coma and spherical aberrations.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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Supplement 1       Detailed mathematical developments

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