Abstract

In the past several years, the anapole mode has received increasing interest and has been used in numerous applications. However, little relevant work exists on localized spoof plasmon polaritons (LSSPs), which are limited by the excitation of the electric dipole in a symmetrical structure. The lack of an electric dipole makes the excitation of the anapole moment difficult. In this study, we experimentally demonstrate that compact planar metadisks can exhibit a radiationless anapole mode of LSSPs at microwave frequencies. By integrating large and small split-ring resonators, the strong interaction between conductive and inductive coupling is shown to excite the electric dipole. The necessary condition for excitation of the electric dipole using the hybrid coupling mechanism is derived by analyzing equivalent LCR circuits. The proposed structure exhibits nearly equal magnitudes of the toroidal and electric dipoles. Moreover, analytical and numerical approaches are developed to explain the physics of the hybrid coupling mechanism accurately. Further experimental measurements confirm the theoretical predictions.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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