Abstract

A wideband multipath self-interference cancellation (SIC) system employing both dual-drive Mach–Zehnder modulator-based analog SIC and least mean square (LMS) algorithm-based pre-adaptive filter digital SIC is proposed and demonstrated for the cancellation of multipath self-interference (SI) and facilitation of in-band full-duplex (IBFD) orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) signal transmission. The multipath effect is an unavoidable challenge in SIC due to the dynamic and unpredictable properties in each path, as well as the need for separate matching components for compensating for each path. In this Letter, an LMS algorithm-based adaptive filter is used as a pre-equalizer to adapt and generate the matching signal to the closest approximate of the multipath SI signal. The adaptation is based on the minimization of the error signal generated from the matching signal and multipath SI signal in the LMS algorithm. With the introduction of the LMS adaptive filter to the analog SIC, an additional 9 dB cancellation improvement is obtained, resulting in a total of 32 dB cancellation depth over a cancellation bandwidth of 2.7 GHz at a center frequency of 1.65 GHz. To the best of our knowledge, the achieved performance is by far the widest cancellation bandwidth in a multipath SIC system, which is essential in a large bandwidth and high data rate transmission system. With the help of the proposed LMS adaptive filter digital SIC assisted analog SIC located at the remote node, power-efficient IBFD transmission of an OFDM signal through a 25 km fiber is experimentally demonstrated with a 6 dB bit error rate and 8% error vector magnitude improvements.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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