Abstract

Nanoscale refractive index (RI) sensors based on plasmonic structures usually suffer from a low figure of merit (FoM) due to the broad linewidth of the resonance peaks. Here, we report a magnetoplasmon-based RI sensing method with high FoM in the designed H-shaped magnetoplasmonic crystals. Instead of the light intensity spectrum, the Faraday signal is detected to analyze the changes of the surrounding RI. Sharp resonance with extremely narrow linewidth is obtained by plotting the reciprocal Faraday rotation near the null point region. Therefore, the FoM is hugely enhanced, and a theoretical value exceeding 1775/RIU is achieved, which is one order of magnitude higher than has ever been reported, to the best of our knowledge, for the RI sensor based on the Faraday effect. The Faraday reversal and the enhanced FoM arise from the Fano resonance. These findings are of potential value for practical high performance biochemical sensors.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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