Abstract

A gas pressure sensor, based on a phase-shifted fiber Bragg grating (PS-FBG) modulated by a hollow cavity, is proposed and demonstrated in this Letter. The device was fabricated by fusing a hollow-core fiber (HCF) between two single-mode fibers (SMFs) exhibiting FBGs that were inscribed using line-by-line femtosecond (fs) laser etching. A pair of micro-channels were drilled orthogonally into the HCF using an fs laser to allow the argon gas to get in and out freely. Such a sensor exposes a high spectrum finesse, e.g., a $Q$-factor of $\sim\! 7302$, which can be improved by increasing the grating pitch quantity. Furthermore, a high gas pressure sensitivity of 1.22 nm/Mpa is obtained, corresponding the improved sensor with a grating pitch quantity of 300 and a hollow cavity length of 88.3 µm. In addition, the device exhibited a low temperature sensitivity of 8.92 pm/°C.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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