Abstract

Fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) with various interrogation schemes to estimate the FBG’s spectrum shift have been widely used in fiber sensing systems. Wavelength swept laser (WSL) based interrogation architectures have been proposed to offer rapid and high-quality sensing performance. However, for getting higher sensing accuracy, the demands for high-performance WSL may push the system cost. Under these considerations, a WSL distribution architecture allowing multiple sensing processing units (SPUs) to share the WSL is studied in this Letter. A self-synchronization scheme is proposed to enable flexible SPU deployment with no concerns for the clock calibration. The proposed system is experimentally studied. Temperature estimation error of ${\sim}{2.5}^\circ {\rm{C}}$ and ${\sim}{0.5}^\circ {\rm{C}}$ with sensitivities of 0.13°C/ms and 0.14°C/ms, respectively, for the high and small temperature ranges are demonstrated.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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