Abstract

We fabricate 100% fill factor microlens arrays (MLAs) using femtosecond laser direct writing. The array consists of periodical hexagonal plano-convex microlens units with a diameter of 9 µm. The focusing efficiency of each microlens is measured to be 92%. Combined with a CCD camera, the MLA works as a Shack–Hartmann wavefront sensor. We use it to detect wavefronts of both oblique incident plane beams and vortex beams. The experimental results match well with theoretical ones.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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