Abstract

In this Letter, we propose a digital signal processing (DSP) -aided technique to optimize the power ratio among users for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) -based non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) in an integrated optical fiber and millimeter wave (mmWave) wireless communication system. In this way, a central or distributed unit can leverage the proposed techniques to maintain the uniformity of the signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) among subcarriers without requiring any channel information feedback. The proposed mechanism can facilitate the power allocation management by treating all subcarriers equally as an independent channel. As an illustration, multiple NOMA scenarios, in which a near user with 10 km fiber transmission and far user with either longer fiber distance or additional wireless propagation, are experimentally investigated. Experimental results demonstrate that when the conventional OFDM-NOMA without the proposed DSP-aided technique is used, the optimal power ratios vary rapidly when the subcarrier quality index changes due to high-frequency fading in a mmWave radio over fiber (RoF) system, whereas, by using the proposed techniques, including both orthogonal circulant matrix transform and discrete Fourier transform, the optimal power ratios on all effective subcarriers are optimized at the same level and the users’ performance is significantly improved.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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