Abstract

Topology plays a fundamental role in contemporary physics and enables new information processing schemes and wave device physics with built-in robustness. However, the creation of photonic topological phases usually requires complex geometries that limit the prospect for miniaturization and integration and dispossess designers of additional degrees of freedom needed to control topological modes on-chip. By controlling the degree of asymmetry (DoA) in a photonic crystal with broken inversion symmetry, we report single-mode lasing of valley-Hall ring cavities at telecommunication wavelength. The DoA governs four photon confinement regimes at the interface of topologically distinct valley-Hall domains and evidences an interplay between the width of the topological bandgap and the quality factor of ring-like modes for single-mode operation. Our results open the door to novel optoelectronic devices and systems based on compact topological integrated circuits.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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