Abstract

This Letter presents an approach to produce multiplexable optical fiber chemical sensor using an intrinsic Fabry–Perot interferometer (IFPI) array via the femtosecond laser direct writing technique. Using the hydrogen-sensitive palladium (Pd) alloy as a functional sensory material, Pd alloy coated IFPI devices can reproducibly and reversibly measure hydrogen concentrations with a detection limit of 0.25% at room temperature. Seven IFPI sensors were fabricated in one fiber and performed simultaneous temperature and hydrogen measurements at seven different locations. This Letter demonstrates a simple yet effective approach to fabricate multiplexable fiber optical chemical sensors for use in harsh environments.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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