Abstract

The resolution enhancement over the extended depth of field (DOF) in the volumetric two-photon microscopy (TPM) is demonstrated by utilizing multiple orders of Bessel beams. Here the conventional method of switching laser modes (SLAM) in 2D is introduced to 3D, denoted as the volumetric SLAM (V-SLAM). The equivalent scanning beam in the TPM is a thin needle-like beam, which is generated from the subtraction between the needle-like 0th-order and the straw-like 1st-order Bessel beams. Compared with the 0th-order Bessel beam, the lateral resolution of the V-SLAM is increased by 28.6% and maintains over the axial depth of 56 µm. The V-SLAM performance is evaluated by employing fluorescent beads and a mouse brain slice. The V-SLAM approach provides a promising solution to improve the lateral resolutions for fast volumetric imaging on sparsely distributed samples.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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