Abstract

The increasing use of spatially modulated imaging and single-pixel detection techniques demands computationally efficient methods for light transport modeling. Herein, we report an easy-to-implement yet significantly more efficient Monte Carlo (MC) method for simultaneously simulating spatially modulated illumination and detection patterns accurately in 3D complex domains. We have implemented this accelerated algorithm, named “photon sharing,” in our open-source MC simulators, reporting $13.6 \times$ and $5.5 \times$ speedups in mesh- and voxel-based MC benchmarks, respectively. In addition, the proposed algorithm is readily used to accelerate the solving of inverse problems in spatially modulated imaging systems by building Jacobians of all illumination-detection pattern pairs concurrently, resulting in a 12.4-fold speed improvement.

© 2020 Optical Society of America

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