Abstract

A compact and field-portable three-dimensional (3D)-printed structured illumination (SI) digital holographic microscope based on shearing geometry is presented. By illuminating the sample using a SI pattern, the lateral resolution in both reconstructed phase and amplitude images can be improved up to twice the resolution provided by conventional illumination. The use of a 3D-printed system and shearing geometry reduces the complexity of the system, while providing high temporal stability. The experimental results for the USAF resolution target show a resolution improvement of a factor of two which corroborates the theoretical prediction. Resolution enhancement in phase imaging is also demonstrated by imaging a biological sample. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a compact and field-portable SI digital holographic system based on shearing geometry.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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References

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[Crossref]

J. P. Wilde, J. W. Goodman, Y. C. Eldar, and Y. Takashima, Appl. Opt. 56, A79 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Ganjkhani, M. A. Charsooghi, E. A. Akhalghi, and A.-R. Moradi, Opt. Commun. 404, 110 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Rawat, S. Komatsu, A. Markman, A. Anand, and B. Javidi, Appl. Opt. 56, D127 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

A. Doblas, E. Roche, F. Ampudia-Blasco, M. Martinez-Corral, G. Saavedra, and J. Garcia-Sucerquia, J. Microsc. 261, 285 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

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[Crossref]

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Awatsuji, Y.

X. Quan, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, Opt. Lett. 42, 383 (2017).
[Crossref]

O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
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Chang, T. Y.

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T. Colomb, F. Charrière, J. Kühn, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, Proc. SPIE 6861, 1 (2008).
[Crossref]

Charsooghi, M. A.

Y. Ganjkhani, M. A. Charsooghi, E. A. Akhalghi, and A.-R. Moradi, Opt. Commun. 404, 110 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chhaniwal, V.

A. Anand, V. Chhaniwal, N. Patel, and B. Javidi, IEEE Photonics J. 4, 1456 (2012).
[Crossref]

V. Chhaniwal, A. Singh, R. Leitgeb, B. Javidi, and A. Anand, Opt. Lett. 37, 5127 (2012).
[Crossref]

Choe, J. Y.

Choi, M.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chowdhury, S.

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[Crossref]

Coppola, G.

De Nicola, S.

Depeursinge, C.

T. Colomb, F. Charrière, J. Kühn, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, Proc. SPIE 6861, 1 (2008).
[Crossref]

Doblas, A.

A. Doblas, E. Roche, F. Ampudia-Blasco, M. Martinez-Corral, G. Saavedra, and J. Garcia-Sucerquia, J. Microsc. 261, 285 (2015).
[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Dubois, F.

El Mallaha, A.

Eldar, Y. C.

Ferraro, P.

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Ganjkhani, Y.

Y. Ganjkhani, M. A. Charsooghi, E. A. Akhalghi, and A.-R. Moradi, Opt. Commun. 404, 110 (2017).
[Crossref]

Garcia-Sucerquia, J.

Goldstein, R.

R. Goldstein, H. Zebker, and C. Werner, Radio Sci. 23, 713 (1988).
[Crossref]

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J. P. Wilde, J. W. Goodman, Y. C. Eldar, and Y. Takashima, Appl. Opt. 56, A79 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Grilli, S.

Gustafsson, M. G. L.

M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hong, J. H.

Izatt, J.

Javidi, B.

Jo, Y.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Joo, H.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
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X. Quan, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, Opt. Lett. 42, 383 (2017).
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O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
[Crossref]

Minetti, C.

Moon, I.

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Y. Ganjkhani, M. A. Charsooghi, E. A. Akhalghi, and A.-R. Moradi, Opt. Commun. 404, 110 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nomura, T.

O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
[Crossref]

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Oh, T. K.

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Park, S.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Park, Y.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

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A. Anand, V. Chhaniwal, N. Patel, and B. Javidi, IEEE Photonics J. 4, 1456 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pierattini, G.

Quan, X.

O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Quan, O. Matoba, and Y. Awatsuji, Opt. Lett. 42, 383 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rawat, S.

Reingand, N.

W. Osten and N. Reingand, Optical Imaging and Metrology: Advanced Technologies (Wiley, 2012).

Roche, E.

A. Doblas, E. Roche, F. Ampudia-Blasco, M. Martinez-Corral, G. Saavedra, and J. Garcia-Sucerquia, J. Microsc. 261, 285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Saavedra, G.

Sanchez-Ortiga, E.

Schnars, U.

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

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Singh, A. S.

Takashima, Y.

Werner, C.

R. Goldstein, H. Zebker, and C. Werner, Radio Sci. 23, 713 (1988).
[Crossref]

Wilde, J. P.

Xia, P.

O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yi, F.

Yoon, J.

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zebker, H.

R. Goldstein, H. Zebker, and C. Werner, Radio Sci. 23, 713 (1988).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (5)

Biomed. Opt. Express (2)

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

A. Anand, V. Chhaniwal, N. Patel, and B. Javidi, IEEE Photonics J. 4, 1456 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (2)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Doblas, E. Roche, F. Ampudia-Blasco, M. Martinez-Corral, G. Saavedra, and J. Garcia-Sucerquia, J. Microsc. 261, 285 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Ganjkhani, M. A. Charsooghi, E. A. Akhalghi, and A.-R. Moradi, Opt. Commun. 404, 110 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

O. Matoba, X. Quan, P. Xia, Y. Awatsuji, and T. Nomura, Proc. IEEE 105, 906 (2017).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Colomb, F. Charrière, J. Kühn, P. Marquet, and C. Depeursinge, Proc. SPIE 6861, 1 (2008).
[Crossref]

Radio Sci. (1)

R. Goldstein, H. Zebker, and C. Werner, Radio Sci. 23, 713 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

Y. Jo, S. Park, J. Jung, J. Yoon, H. Joo, M.-H. Kim, S.-J. Kang, M. Choi, S. Y. Lee, and Y. Park, Sci. Adv. 3, e1700606 (2017).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

U. Schnars and W. Jueptner, Digital Holography: Digital Hologram Recording, Numerical Reconstruction, and Related Techniques (Springer, 2005).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1968).

W. Osten and N. Reingand, Optical Imaging and Metrology: Advanced Technologies (Wiley, 2012).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Proposed shearing-based SI-DHM system: (a) optical configuration and (b) 3D-printed experimental system. The grating and sample planes are conjugate planes through the L1-L2 lens system.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Stability testing results for our SI-DHM system. Results shown for two locations, each with and without the use of a vibration isolation sheet. The dashed lines represent the mean standard deviation of the respective histograms. FB, floating optical bench; WT, wooden table.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Zoomed-in versions of the amplitude images showing groups 8 and 9 of the USAF chart using (a) conventional illumination (CI) and (b) structured illumination (SI) with corresponding Fourier spectra shown by green bounded insets. The navy bounded insets show a zoomed-in group 9. Line profile comparison between CI and SI for (c) elements 8-3 and (d) elements 9-3. Each line profile in (c) and (d) corresponds to the irradiance along the elements enclosed by the same colored dashed box in (a) and (b), respectively. The arrows indicate visible local minima corresponding to the locations of the vertical elements of the USAF.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. 2D pseudo-color phase reconstruction for (a) conventional illumination (CI), and (b) structured illumination (SI) of Selenastrum. (c) Line profiles for both cases of Selenastrum; CI shown in blue and SI in red. (d) Light microscope image of Selenastrum (60×/0.85 NA).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

o(ξ,η)=oobj+m4oobjei2πξMLpξ+m4oobjei2πξMLpξ=o0+o++o.
h(x,y)=|o˜+r|2=DC+r*o˜+ro˜*,
U^(fx,fy)=I{r*(o0+o++o)}=O^(fxΔFx,fyΔFy)+m4O^(fxΔFx1MTpξ,fyΔFy)+m4O^(fxΔFx+1MTpξ,fyΔFy),