Abstract

We report on the fabrication of an all-glass vapor cell with a thickness varying linearly between (exactly) 0 and 1μm. The cell is made in Borofloat glass that allows state-of-the-art super polish roughness, a full optical bonding assembling and easy filling with alkali vapors. We detail the challenging manufacture steps and present experimental spectra resulting from fluorescence and transmission spectroscopy of the cesium D1 line. The very small surface roughness of 1 Å rms is promising to investigate the atom-surface interaction or to minimize parasite stray light.

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References

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2019 (1)

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (2)

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A. Roy and D. Barrett, App. Phys. Lett. 99, 171112 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Baluktsian, C. Urban, T. Bublat, H. Giessen, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Opt. Lett. 35, 1950 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

V. Jain, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 6022 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, B. Wang, and S. Dong, Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China 3, 480 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, J. Hou, Q. Xu, J. Wang, W. Yang, and Y. Guo, Opt. Express 16, 10285 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

M. C. Vargas and W. L. Mochán, Surf. Sci. 409, 130 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. E. Gillman and S. D. Jacobs, Appl. Opt. 37, 3498 (1998).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1987 (1)

1981 (1)

Adams, C. S.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ando, M.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Balabas, M. V.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Baluktsian, T.

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Baluktsian, C. Urban, T. Bublat, H. Giessen, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Opt. Lett. 35, 1950 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barrett, D.

A. Roy and D. Barrett, App. Phys. Lett. 99, 171112 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bennett, J. M.

Bloch, D.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bouchiat, M. A.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Browaeys, A.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bublat, T.

Chevrollier, M.

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Cocheteau, N.

N. Cocheteau, “Caractérisation et modélisation d’une adhérence moléculaire renforcée,” Ph.D. thesis (Université d’Aix-Marseille, 2014).

Dobbertin, H.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dong, S.

J. Zhang, B. Wang, and S. Dong, Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China 3, 480 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ducloy, M.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dutier, G.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dziuban, J. A.

J. A. Dziuban, Bonding in Microsystem Technology (Springer, 2006).

Ena, J. G.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fan, H.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fattori, M.

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Frost, F.

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, Y.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Giessen, H.

Gillman, B. E.

Gmeiner, B.

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gordon, J. A.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Götzinger, S.

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gruhler, N.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Hollberg, L.

Holloway, C. L.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hou, J.

Hughes, I. G.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, S. D.

Jacquier, P.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jahier, E.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jain, V.

V. Jain, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 6022 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jensen, K.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kanaokaa, M.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Keaveney, J.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kitching, J.

Knappe, S.

Krauter, H.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kübler, H.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kumar, S.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lamporesi, G.

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Leistner, A. J.

Lesha, F.

Lezama, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Liew, L.

Lima, E. G.

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lintz, M.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lorenzo, O. D.

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Löw, R.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Baluktsian, C. Urban, T. Bublat, H. Giessen, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Opt. Lett. 35, 1950 (2010).
[Crossref]

Malakyan, Y.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Maser, A.

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mochán, W. L.

M. C. Vargas and W. L. Mochán, Surf. Sci. 409, 130 (1998).
[Crossref]

Moreland, J.

Namba, Y.

Nomura, K.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Oriá, M.

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Papoyan, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Papoyan, A. V.

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pernice, W.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Petelski, T.

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Peyrot, T.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pfau, T.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Baluktsian, C. Urban, T. Bublat, H. Giessen, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Opt. Lett. 35, 1950 (2010).
[Crossref]

Polzik, E. S.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rauschenbach, B.

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

Renema, J. J.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ritter, R.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Roy, A.

A. Roy and D. Barrett, App. Phys. Lett. 99, 171112 (2011).
[Crossref]

Saltiel, S.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sandoghdar, V.

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sargsyan, A.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sargysyan, A.

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sarkisyan, A.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sarkisyan, D.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Scheel, S.

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Schindler, A.

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schwindt, P. D. D.

Segundo, P. C.

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shaffer, J. J.

Shaffer, J. P.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shah, V.

Sheng, J.

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shibano, Y.

Sommargren, G. E.

Sortais, Y. R. P.

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

Stuhler, J.

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takino, H.

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Thwaite, E. G.

Tino, G. M.

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Urban, C.

Utikal, T.

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

Vargas, M. C.

M. C. Vargas and W. L. Mochán, Surf. Sci. 409, 130 (1998).
[Crossref]

Varzhapetyan, T.

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

J. Zhang, B. Wang, and S. Dong, Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China 3, 480 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wasilewski, W.

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Whittaker, K. A.

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. A. Whittaker, “Construction and characterisation of ultra-thin alkali-metal vapour cells,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Durham, 2017).

Xu, Q.

Yang, W.

Yarovitski, A.

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, B. Wang, and S. Dong, Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China 3, 480 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ziberi, B.

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

App. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Roy and D. Barrett, App. Phys. Lett. 99, 171112 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

F. Frost, B. Ziberi, A. Schindler, and B. Rauschenbach, Appl. Phys. A 91, 551 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

E. Jahier, J. G. Ena, P. Jacquier, M. Lintz, A. V. Papoyan, and M. A. Bouchiat, Appl. Phys. B 71, 561 (2000).
[Crossref]

Eur. Lett. (1)

G. Dutier, A. Yarovitski, S. Saltiel, A. Papoyan, D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Eur. Lett. 63, 35 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

T. Petelski, M. Fattori, G. Lamporesi, J. Stuhler, and G. M. Tino, Eur. Phys. J. D 22, 279 (2003).
[Crossref]

Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China (1)

J. Zhang, B. Wang, and S. Dong, Front. Electr. Electron. Eng. China 3, 480 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Process. Technol. (1)

V. Jain, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 209, 6022 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Conf. Ser. (1)

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargysyan, D. Sarkisyan, B. Gmeiner, V. Sandoghdar, and C. S. Adams, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 635, 122006 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

M. Kanaokaa, C. Liu, K. Nomura, M. Ando, H. Takino, and Y. Fukuda, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25, 2110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Kübler, J. P. Shaffer, T. Baluktsian, R. Löw, and T. Pfau, Nat. Photonics 4, 112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Sarkisyan, D. Bloch, A. Papoyan, and M. Ducloy, Opt. Commun. 200, 201 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys (1)

B. Gmeiner, A. Maser, T. Utikal, S. Götzinger, and V. Sandoghdar, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys 18, 19588 (2016).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

H. Fan, S. Kumar, J. Sheng, J. P. Shaffer, C. L. Holloway, and J. A. Gordon, Phys. Rev. A 4, 044015 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Sarkisyan, T. Varzhapetyan, A. Sarkisyan, Y. Malakyan, A. Papoyan, A. Lezama, D. Bloch, and M. Ducloy, Phys. Rev. A 69, 065802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A. (1)

E. G. Lima, M. Chevrollier, O. D. Lorenzo, P. C. Segundo, and M. Oriá, Phys. Rev. A. 62, 013410 (2000).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

K. A. Whittaker, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 253201 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 133601 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, D. Sarkisyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 243401 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Peyrot, Y. R. P. Sortais, A. Browaeys, A. Sargsyan, J. Keaveney, I. G. Hughes, and C. S. Adams, Phys. Rev. Lett. 122, 113401 (2019).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. X. (1)

R. Ritter, N. Gruhler, H. Dobbertin, H. Kübler, S. Scheel, W. Pernice, T. Pfau, and R. Löw, Phys. Rev. X. 8, 021032 (2018).
[Crossref]

Surf. Sci. (1)

M. C. Vargas and W. L. Mochán, Surf. Sci. 409, 130 (1998).
[Crossref]

Other (6)

Keysight Technologies, “AFM model: 5500 AFM.”

The fluctuations average differently for a super-polish and a standard polish. This may be attributed to the spatial frequency distributions of surface height fluctuations being intrinsically different.

J. A. Dziuban, Bonding in Microsystem Technology (Springer, 2006).

N. Cocheteau, “Caractérisation et modélisation d’une adhérence moléculaire renforcée,” Ph.D. thesis (Université d’Aix-Marseille, 2014).

At the end of the pumping procedure, we measured a pressure of 8×10-9 mbar at the pumping stage and at room temperature. The pressure inside the cell is certainly higher, due to the limited conductance of the Pyrex loading manifold.

K. A. Whittaker, “Construction and characterisation of ultra-thin alkali-metal vapour cells,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of Durham, 2017).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. (a) Photograph of the cell. The white light color fringes reflect the thickness variations in the wedge of the nano-cell. (b) Schematic of the cell.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Procedure to realize a thin wedge with thickness varying between (exactly) 0 and 900 nm. Parts (A) and (B) are optically contacted on a parallel plate (P1). Left: the thickness of part (B) first exceeds that of part (A) by 300 nm. Therefore, flat etalon P2 on the ridge of part (B), leading to interference fringes [between part (A) and the flat etalon] with different white light colors on each side of the ridge. Right: after flattening the ridge and equalizing the heights of part (A) and (B), the flat etalon sits equally on parts (A) and (B), leading to equal color fringes.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (Top): AFM imaging of (a) a standard polish and (b) a super-polished surface of our cell. (Bottom): roughness profiles acquired with (c) the AFM and a spatial resolution of 20 nm and (d) the optical heterodyne profiler (spatial resolution: 1 μm). Red (blue) traces correspond, respectively, to the super-polish (standard polish) surfaces. (e) RMS roughness versus averaging area.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. (a) Schematic of the experiment. SMFL, single-mode fiber laser; PD, Si photodiode; APD, avalanche photodiode for fluorescence measurements; NC, nano-cell, PW, power meter. (b) Reflected interference signal Rw(x) (normalized to the signal obtained at a bright fringe). Black circles, data acquired for y=5mm; solid red line, fit by the Fabry–Perot model. For x<x0 (dashed blue rectangle), the wedge thickness is exactly zero, since parts (B) and (CL) are optically bonded [see Fig. 1(b)]. (c) 2D mapping of the wedge thickness (resolution along x and y: 0.5 mm).
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Spectra of the D1 line of Cs acquired using the nano-cell described in the main text, heated at 170±5°C. Cell thickness, L=95±5nm; in blue circles (red squares), normalized fluorescence spectrum collected at 90° from laser propagation (absorption spectrum). Horizontal axis: laser frequency detuning with respect to the F=4F=3 hyperfine transition of the 6S1/2 ground state. The peak centered at 1 GHz corresponds to the F=4F=4 transition. The data are binned 10 times by steps of 2 MHz.

Equations (1)

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Rw(x)Fsin2(ϕ(x)/2)1+Fsin2(ϕ(x)/2),

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