Abstract

We studied and compared single-side pumping (SSP) and double-side pumping (DSP) of a semiconductor membrane external-cavity surface-emitting laser (MECSEL). The MECSEL-active region was based on an AlGaAs quantum well structure embedded between two silicon carbide (SiC) wafer pieces that were used as transparent intra-cavity (IC) heat spreaders creating a symmetrical cooling environment. The gain structure targeted emission at 780 nm, a wavelength region that is important for many applications, and where the development of high-brightness high-power laser sources is gaining more momentum. By DSP at 20°C heat sink temperature, we could reduce the laser threshold from 0.79 to 0.69 W of absorbed pump power, while the maximum output power was increased from 3.13 to 3.22 W. The differential efficiency was improved from 31.9% to 34.4%, which represents a record value for SiC-cooled vertically emitting semiconductor lasers. The improvements are enabled by a reduced thermal resistance of the gain element by 9% compared to SSP. The beam quality was measured to be M2<1.09. Finally, we demonstrate a maximum tuning range from 767 to 811 nm. This wavelength range was not addressed by any MECSEL or vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser device before and extends the available wavelengths for semiconductor based high-quality beam and high-power laser sources to a wavelength window relevant for quantum technology, spectroscopy, or medicine.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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  1. H. Kahle, C. M. N. Mateo, U. Brauch, P. Tatar-Mathes, R. Bek, M. Jetter, T. Graf, and P. Michler, Optica 3, 1506 (2016).
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    [Crossref]
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2018 (1)

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (2)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. V. Sandusky and S. R. J. Brueck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 313 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

B. Monemar, K. K. Shih, and G. D. Pettit, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2604 (1976).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, M. A.

Albrecht, A. R.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, A. R. Albrecht, J. G. Cederberg, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Opt. Express 23, 33164 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bek, R.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Kahle, C. M. N. Mateo, U. Brauch, P. Tatar-Mathes, R. Bek, M. Jetter, T. Graf, and P. Michler, Optica 3, 1506 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bowers, M. S.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

Brauch, U.

Broda, A.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Brueck, S. R. J.

J. V. Sandusky and S. R. J. Brueck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 313 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cederberg, J. G.

Chmielewski, K.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cole, G. D.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cousins, A. K.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

Czyszanowski, T.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dems, M.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Follman, D.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gallo, P.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gebski, M.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Giannini, N.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Golaszewska-Malec, K.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Graf, T.

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

Heinen, B.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heu, P.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Iakovlev, V.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jetter, M.

Kahle, H.

Kapon, E.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Koch, M.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kunert, B.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuzmicz, A.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

Mateo, C. M. N.

Michalak, K.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Michler, P.

Mirkhanov, S.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

Monemar, B.

B. Monemar, K. K. Shih, and G. D. Pettit, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2604 (1976).
[Crossref]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

Muszalski, J.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pecoroni, R.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pettit, G. D.

B. Monemar, K. K. Shih, and G. D. Pettit, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2604 (1976).
[Crossref]

Quarterman, A. H.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman and K. G. Wilcox, Optica 2, 56 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rychlik, G.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sandusky, J. V.

J. V. Sandusky and S. R. J. Brueck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 313 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sankowska, I.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sarzala, R. P.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schwarzbäck, T.

Seamans, J. F.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, A. R. Albrecht, J. G. Cederberg, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Opt. Express 23, 33164 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shih, K. K.

B. Monemar, K. K. Shih, and G. D. Pettit, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2604 (1976).
[Crossref]

Sirbu, A.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Smyth, C. J. C.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sokol, A. K.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sparenberg, M.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

Stolz, W.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Swift, S.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tatar-Mathes, P.

Tidwell, S. C.

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

Vollmer, S.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

Walczak, J.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wasiak, M.

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wilcox, K. G.

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. H. Quarterman and K. G. Wilcox, Optica 2, 56 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wójcik-Jedlinska, A.

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Yang, A. R. Albrecht, J. G. Cederberg, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Opt. Express 23, 33164 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Z. Yang, D. Follman, A. R. Albrecht, P. Heu, N. Giannini, G. D. Cole, and M. Sheik-Bahae, Electron. Lett. 54, 430 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Mirkhanov, A. H. Quarterman, H. Kahle, R. Bek, R. Pecoroni, C. J. C. Smyth, S. Vollmer, S. Swift, P. Michler, M. Jetter, and K. G. Wilcox, Electron. Lett. 53, 1537 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. C. Tidwell, J. F. Seamans, M. S. Bowers, and A. K. Cousins, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 997 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. Heinen, F. Zhang, M. Sparenberg, B. Kunert, M. Koch, and W. Stolz, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 934 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. V. Sandusky and S. R. J. Brueck, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 313 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1063 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Monemar, K. K. Shih, and G. D. Pettit, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 2604 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

V. Iakovlev, J. Walczak, M. Gębski, A. K. Sokoł, M. Wasiak, P. Gallo, A. Sirbu, R. P. Sarzała, M. Dems, T. Czyszanowski, and E. Kapon, J. Phys. D 47, 065104 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Broda, A. Kuźmicz, G. Rychlik, K. Chmielewski, A. Wójcik-Jedlińska, I. Sankowska, K. Gołaszewska-Malec, K. Michalak, and J. Muszalski, Opt. Quantum Electron. 49, 287 (2017).
[Crossref]

Optica (2)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Detailed schematic drawing of the V-shaped MECSEL setup including the resonator with its mirrors M1, M2, and M3, the pump optics, and the pump beam path, as well as all devices that were used for characterization.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Power transfer measurements of the free-running MECSEL in SSP (pump arm 1) and DSP configurations. The inset shows an enlarged view of the threshold region.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Spectral shifts of laser emission Δ λ plotted over dissipated power P diss (full squares, circles, and upwards pointing triangles) and heat sink temperature T hs (full downwards pointing triangles) are plotted here.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Tuning measurements at P abs . , pump = 7.58 W , taken with the 5% outcoupler and HR outcoupler.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Typical high-resolution spectrum of the free-running MECSEL is shown here.

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