Abstract

The knowledge of the temporal shape of femtosecond pulses is of major interest for all their applications. The reconstruction of the temporal shape of these pulses is an inverse problem for characterization techniques, which benefit from an inherent redundancy in the measurement. Conventionally, time-consuming optimization algorithms are used to solve the inverse problems. Here, we demonstrate the reconstruction of ultrashort pulses from dispersion scan traces employing a deep neural network. The network is trained with a multitude of artificial and noisy dispersion scan traces from randomly shaped pulses. The retrieval takes only 16 ms enabling video-rate reconstructions. This approach reveals a great tolerance against noisy conditions, delivering reliable retrievals from traces with signal-to-noise ratios down to 5.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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