Abstract

We present two-photon fluorescence image scanning microscopy (ISM) with engineered excitation and detection point-spread-functions enabling 3D imaging in a single 2D scan. This demonstration combines excitation using a holographic multispot array of focused femtosecond pulses with a high-efficiency single-helix PSF phase mask detection. Camera detection along with a multiview reconstruction algorithm allows volumetric imaging of biological samples over a depth of field spanning more than 1500 nm with an axial resolution of better than 400 nm. The nonlinear two-photon process improves sectioning and the inherent longer wavelengths increase the penetration depth in scattering samples. Our method extends the performance of 3D ISM towards thicker biological samples.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (2)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Sections through all 50 measured PSFs of engineered 2-photon ISM.
» Visualization 2       Sections through all 25 measured PSFs of regular 2-photon ISM.

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