Abstract

Structured illumination has been widely used for optical sectioning and 3D surface recovery. In a typical implementation, multiple images under non-uniform pattern illumination are used to recover a single object section. Axial scanning of the sample or the objective lens is needed for acquiring the 3D volumetric data. Here we demonstrate the use of axially shifted pattern illumination for virtual volumetric confocal imaging without axial scanning. In the reported approach, we project illumination patterns at a tilted angle with respect to the detection optics. As such, the illumination patterns shift laterally at different z sections, and the 3D sample information can be recovered based on the captured 2D images. We demonstrate the reported approach for virtual confocal imaging through a diffusing layer and underwater 3D imaging through diluted milk. We show that we can acquire the entire confocal volume in 1s with a throughput of 420 megapixels per second. Our approach may provide new insights for developing confocal light ranging and detection systems in degraded visual environments.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (6)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       Visualization 1.
» Visualization 2       Visualization 2.
» Visualization 3       Visualization 3.
» Visualization 4       Visualization 4.
» Visualization 5       Visualization 5.
» Visualization 6       Visualization 6.

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