Abstract

A fiber in-line reflective Mach–Zehnder interferometer is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, which is based on a tilted in-fiber beam splitter inscribed by a femtosecond laser. The beam splitter splits the incident light beam into two parts; one is directed to the fiber cladding-air interface, where it experiences total internal reflection and is directed to the fiber core. The other part of the light beam keeps traveling in the fiber core. The two parts of the light beams are recombined in the fiber core to generate interference before being reflected at the fiber cut end face. The device proposed is compact in size, robust in mechanical strength, easy in fabrication, and can be used for environmental refractive index sensing in a convenient manner.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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