Abstract

Optical twists are the rotation of light structures along the beam axis, which can be caused by the quadratic twist phase of a partially coherent field. Here, we introduce a new class of partially coherent beams whose spectral density and degree of coherence tend to rotate during propagation. Unlike the previously reported twisted Gaussian Schell-model beams, this family of rotating beams is constructed without the framework of rotationally invariant cross-spectral density functions. Thus, these beams have different underlying physics and exhibit distinctive twist effects. It is shown that such beams can undergo a twist of more than 90 deg, providing larger degrees of freedom for flexibly tailoring the beam twist. Our results may pave the way toward synthesizing rotating beams for applications in optics and, in particular, inspire further studies in the field of twist phase proposed 25 years ago.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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Supplementary Material (3)

NameDescription
» Visualization 1       A movie on the propagation of RAGSM beams
» Visualization 2       A movie on the propagation of strongly twisted RAGSM beams
» Visualization 3       A movie on the propagation of RAGSM beams with both left- and right-handedness twists

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Equations (19)

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