Abstract

High-power femtosecond (fs)-pulsed all-fiber lasers operating at high repetition rates are highly demanded for various applications, including laser micromachining, nonlinear optical imaging, high-speed optical sampling, arbitrary waveform generation, and frequency metrology. However, their performance has long been limited by either the average power, repetition rate, pulse width, or compactness, which prevent practical applications. In this work, we report a high repetition rate fs-pulsed all-fiber laser at 2.0 µm that so far provides the best performance metrics, to the best of our knowledge, i.e., $\sim{2}\;{\rm GHz}$ fundamental repetition rate, 126 fs pulse width, $\sim{8}\;{\rm W}$ average power, and all-fiber configuration. We anticipate that this laser can be a promising fs-pulsed fiber laser source for applications requiring a GHz repetition rate.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
High power 2 µm femtosecond fiber laser

Peng Wan, Lih-Mei Yang, and Jian Liu
Opt. Express 21(18) 21374-21379 (2013)

High average power picosecond pulse generation from a thulium-doped all-fiber MOPA system

Jiang Liu, Qian Wang, and Pu Wang
Opt. Express 20(20) 22442-22447 (2012)

High-power noise-like pulse generation using a 1.56-µm all-fiber laser system

Shih-Shian Lin, Sheng-Kwang Hwang, and Jia-Ming Liu
Opt. Express 23(14) 18256-18268 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  3. R. Gebs, G. Klatt, C. Janke, T. Dekorsy, and A. Bartels, Opt. Express 18, 5974 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  4. S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, Science 326, 681 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 3522 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  9. Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).
  12. T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.
  13. J. Zeng, A. Akosman, and M. Y. Sander, Opt. Express 26, 24687 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  14. Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  16. Y. Zhou, W. Lin, H. Cheng, W. Wang, T. Qiao, Q. Qian, S. Xu, and Z. Yang, Opt. Express 26, 10842 (2018).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

2017 (1)

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 3522 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Akçaalan, Ö.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Akosman, A.

Asik, M. D.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bartels, A.

Betzig, E.

N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brovelli, L. R.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
[Crossref]

Calasso, I.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Çetin, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chang, G.

Chen, H. W.

Cheng, H.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dekorsy, T.

Diddams, S. A.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
[Crossref]

Elahi, P.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fuhrberg, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).

Gebs, R.

Geng, J.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Heinecke, D.

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

Holzwatrh, R.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hoogland, H.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ilday, F. Ö.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Janke, C.

Ji, N.

N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

Kadwani, P.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Kalaycioglu, H.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kamp, M.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

H. W. Chen, G. Chang, S. Xu, Z. Yang, and F. X. Kärtner, Opt. Lett. 37, 3522 (2012).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kerse, C.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kesim, D. K.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Klatt, G.

Koopmann, P.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).

Kopf, D.

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lamrini, S.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).

Li, J.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, W.

Liu, F.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Luo, T.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

Magee, J. C.

N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
[Crossref]

McComb, T. S.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Mo, K.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Öktem, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qian, Q.

Qiao, T.

Richardson, M.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Röser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

Rudy, C. W.

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sander, M. Y.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shah, L.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Sims, R. A.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Tünnermann, A.

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Weiner, A. M.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[Crossref]

Willis, C. C. C.

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Xu, S.

Yang, Z.

Yavas, S.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zeng, J.

Zhou, Y.

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Limpert, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tünnermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 233 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nat. Methods (1)

N. Ji, J. C. Magee, and E. Betzig, Nat. Methods 5, 197 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (2)

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 4, 760 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, Nat. Photonics 6, 440 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwatrh, and F. Ö. Ilday, Nature 537, 84 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

F. X. Kärtner, L. R. Brovelli, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, I. Calasso, and U. Keller, Opt. Eng. 34, 2024 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

C. W. Rudy, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. L. Byer, Opt. Fiber Technol. 20, 642 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

Q. Wang, J. Geng, T. Luo, and S. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371N (2012).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Wang, J. Li, K. Mo, Y. Wang, F. Liu, and Y. Liu, Sci. Rep. 7, 7779 (2017).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

A. Bartels, D. Heinecke, and S. A. Diddams, Science 326, 681 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

K. Scholle, S. Lamrini, P. Koopmann, and P. Fuhrberg, Frontiers in Guided Wave Optics and Optoelectronics, B. Pal, ed. (InTech, 2010).

T. S. McComb, R. A. Sims, C. C. C. Willis, P. Kadwani, L. Shah, and M. Richardson, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JThJ5.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Experimental setup of the high-power GHz fs-pulsed all-fiber laser at 2.0 µm. DF, dielectric film; ISO, isolator; DC-TDF, double-cladding ${{\rm Tm}^{3 + }}$ -doped fiber; MFA, mode field adaptor; PF, passive fiber; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; SPC, signal and pump combiner; UHNA, ultrahigh numerical aperture fiber (Nufern UHNA4); WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; TC, temperature controller; TDF, ${{\rm Tm}^{3 + }}$ -doped fiber. Insets show the photographs of the semiconductor saturable absorber mirror and the highly reflective dielectric film.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Output power of the oscillator versus the pump power for different passive fibers, i.e., UHNA7 (blue circles), SM1950 (red diamonds), and SM28e (black triangles). In the experiment, the lengths of the laser cavity and TDF were fixed to 5 cm and 4.2 cm, respectively. The vertical lines indicate the mode-locking thresholds for cases of UHNA7 and SM1950, respectively.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Optical spectra and (b) autocorrelation traces of mode-locked pulses using different lengths of UHNA7 passive fibers. In the experiment, the total lengths of the laser cavities were fixed to 5 cm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Performance of the mode locking using a 2.5 cm length of UHNA7. (a) Output power as a function of pump power. QS, $Q$ -switched; ML, mode locking. (b) Pulse train of the mode-locked pulses. Inset shows a longer pulse train. (c) RF spectrum of the mode-locked pulses. Inset shows a wider span RF spectrum. The resolution bandwidth of the measurement is 10 kHz. (d) Phase noise measurement of the mode-locked pulses.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Performance of the high-power amplification. (a) Output power of the high-power amplifier as a function of pump power. (b) Optical spectra of the oscillator and high-power amplifier. (c) Autocorrelation trace of the amplified fs pulses.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Scaling of the repetition rate. (a) Optical spectrum of the 2.7 GHz fs pulses. (b) Pulse train. (c) RF spectrum, measured with a resolution bandwidth of 10 kHz. (d) Autocorrelation trace.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of Key Components of the Oscillator

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

g c r i ( q n s + q 0 E a / E s a t , G ) ( 1 + T g q 0 E a / E s a t , G / T r ) ,

Metrics