Abstract

Wavelength-swept lasers enable high-speed measurements in absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, nonlinear Raman hyperspectral microscopy, rapid confocal microscopy, short impulse generation, and most importantly for high-speed optical coherence tomography, with speeds up to video-rate volumetric imaging. Recently, we introduced a pulsed wavelength-swept laser based on the Fourier domain mode-locked (FDML) laser principle combined with a master-oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) architecture. The high peak powers reached with this laser enabled rapid two-photon microscopy and two-photon fluorescence lifetime microscopy and high-speed light detection and ranging measurements. Here, we present the extension of this laser into the visible wavelength range by frequency doubling the output from 1064 nm to 532 nm via second harmonic generation in a deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal. The result is a wavelength-swept laser source around 532 nm that outputs a pulse train of distinct, almost monochromatic wavelengths at an 88 MHz pulse repetition rate and 342 kHz sweep repetition rate. This swept-source laser in the visible can open up new research applications in spectroscopy, metrology, sensing, and high-speed imaging.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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