Abstract

By arranging two pairs of high-index dielectric disks into a unit cell, a novel, to the best of our knowledge, terahertz metamaterials sensor integrated with a microfluidic channel is proposed. With the introduction of a new way of symmetry breaking in the unit cell, the strong toroidal dipole response with ultrahigh-Q is excited and investigated, which is related to the existence of the trapped mode. The simulation results show that the calculated quality factor and the corresponding figure of merit (FoM) of this sensor can reach 3189 and 515, respectively. These advantages allow for the proposed structure to have potential applications in high-performance gases, liquids, and biological materials sensing.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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