Abstract

Most applications of a ferroelectric-based electro-optic (EO) beam deflector have been limited by the high applied voltage. In this Letter, we report a dramatically increased EO beam deflection in relaxor ferroelectric potassium tantalate niobate (KTN) crystals by using the electric-field-enhanced permittivity. Due to the existence of the electric-field-induced phase transition in relaxor ferroelectric materials, the dielectric permittivity can be substantially increased by the applied electric field at a certain temperature. Both the theoretical study and the experimental verifications on the enhanced beam deflection and EO effect in the case with the electric-field-induced high permittivity were conducted. The experimental results confirmed that there was a three-fold increase in the deflection angle, which represented a dramatic increase in the deflection angle. By offering a wider deflection range and a lower driving voltage, such a largely enhanced beam deflection is of great benefit to the KTN deflector.

© 2019 Optical Society of America

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